Brainstorming graphic organisers

Brainstorming is useful to help identify issues, which may then be placed within a context using a mind-map technique and a user, task and environment (UTE) as a starting point. An example of mind-mapping is shown. This can be good for a group discussion as talking aloud and writing down (externalising the issues) can trigger

Use paper, flip-chart or digital recording of an individual or group.

Key elements when applying this method include:

  • Immediate ideas, (whatever comes into your mind whilst thinking about this problem).
  • No qualifying or dismissal of ideas (at this stage)
  • Quick realisation of problem and omissions in knowledge
A ‘UTE mind-map’ of the factors concerning the redesign of a powered wheelchair for a young woman with cerebral palsy. (Torrens 2011)

Useful links

Torrens, GE (2011) Universal Design: empathy and affinity. In Karwowski, W, Soares, M, M, Stanton, A, N, Eds, (ed) Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics in Consumer Products, CRC Press, pp.233-248 Available at: (, Accessed: [23/09/015]

Torrens, G.E., 2012. Assistive Technology product to Universal design: A way forward, Design For All India, 7 (7), pp.182-205 Available at: (, Accessed: [23/09/2015]